The cacique’s function was to keep the welfare of the village by assigning daily work and making sure everyone got an equal share. Rio Nuevo Taino Site. This is a list of known Taínos, some of which were caciques (male and female tribal chiefs). Most of the native settlements later became the site of Spanish colonial cities retaining the original Taíno names, for instance; Havana, Batabanó, Camagüey, Baracoa and Bayamo. Anyone can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries. — Peer polity interaction and socio-political change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. The encounter between the Tainos and Columbus is best captured in J.C. Squires’ poem There was an Indian: There was an Indian, who had known no change, Gathering shells.He heard a sudden strange, Commingled noise; looked up and gasped for speech. The encounter between the Tainos and Columbus is best captured in J.C. Squires’ poem, Read Fred Kennedy’s fictional account of a Taino boy entitled, KAMALA HARRIS’ JAMAICAN HERITAGE – UPDATED –…, ‘WE LIKKLE BUT WE TALLAWAH’ KINGSTON SUPERGIRL…, WHAT ALL JAMAICANS LIVING OVERSEAS, IN FOREIGN…, JACKIE POWELL: BROWARD COUNTY’S FIRST FEMALE JAMAICAN…, HOW TO APPLY FOR A TAXPAYER REGISTRATION…, MEET THE SECOND MOST POWERFUL BLACK PERSON…, CITY OF ATLANTA SELECTS JAMAICA’S BASIL WATSON…, CAMP INSPIRE: WYVOLYN GAGER FINDS FULFILLMENT IN VOLUNTARISM, NINETY-THREE NOT OUT! Names like Hanna, Mahfood, Issa, Joseph, Ammar, Azan, Shoucair, Karam, Younis, Khouri, Fadil, Feanny, Dabdoub, Matalon and Ziadie are giants of retail, tourism, horse A concise historical and ethnographic description of the Tainos. Jamaica is a country rich in culture and with its rich culture comes a variety of wonderful names. They would have migrated from South America and reached the Greater Antilles somewhere around 700 to 1000 AD,” he informs. Cacique of the area of Luquillo (named after him) located in the northeastern coast of Puerto Rico. [60], List of indigenous chiefs of the Bahamas, Greater Antilles, and some of the Lesser Antilles, Rouse, p. 5., Retrieved September 19, 2007, List of Notable Dominicans (Dominican Republic), "Rebuilding the genome of a hidden ethnicity : Nature News", "Salinas-municipio de Puerto Rico-datos y fotos", Classics of Puerto Rico, second edition 1972, compiled by Puerto Rican historian Dr. Cayetano Coll Y Toste of the "Royal Academy of History", LA REBELIÓN DEL CACIQUE AGUEYBANA II (The revolt of the Cacique Agüeybaná II), "Free Family Tree, Genealogy, Family History, and DNA Testing", Relatos del Camagüey: El asesinato del cacique Camagüebax, "Colección de documentos inéditos relativos al descubrimiento, conquista y colonización de las posesiones españoles en América y Occeanía [sic], sacados bajo la direccion de J.F. The cacique had many privileges, such as receiving the best food, living in a larger house and having several wives. It begins  in 1494 with the arrival of Christopher Columbus , the first European known to have set foot on the island and covers the period of Spanish colonization up to 1655. After his death his wife the Cacica, baptized as Dona Ines (no relation to Agueybana's mother) married the Spaniard Miguel Díaza. Liguanea Plain Situated in Kingston, the country’s capital, is the Liguanea Plain. Cacique in Western Jamaica, his village was located in what is now, Cacica of Hispaniola (In the area now called Haiti) also known as Isabel de Iguanamá, Cacique who historian José Toro Sugrañes believed ruled the region of current, Cacique of the area Majibacoa present day, Cacique of the area which includes the current city of. Jamaica - Jamaica - History: The following history of Jamaica focuses on events from the time of European contact. Known as Loquillo (Crazy One) by the Spaniards due to his constant attacks on the Conquistadors. some names for Jamaica are official name-Jamaica Xaymaca-name given by tainos Jamrock- slang name. It was characterized by happiness, friendliness and a highly organized hierarchical, paternal society, and a lack of guile. Digg . Some years before, I had traveled to this Cuban island village museum with its re-created version of Taíno Indian life. Although the Tainos left no written records we know something of their lifestyle, culture and world-view from remains unearthed by archaeologists and markings, tools and other implements, but also from the reports of Columbus himself and from the diaries of the first clerics and other pioneers who came to settle the island during the first decades of Spanish occupation. [2][1], Taíno society was divided into two classes: Nitainos (nobles) and the Naborias (commoners). Cacica, mother of Caciques Agueybaná and Agüeybaná II of Puerto Rico. History of Jamaica 600-1494 The Tainos. They originally named the Island Xaymaca, in translation the word meant “land of wood and water”. Over the next 5 years they helped the Spanish to defend the island, until the British conquest was complete. 3, pp. The name Cuba comes from the Taíno language; however the exact meaning of the name is unclear but it may be translated either as "where fertile land is abundant" (cubao), or "great place" (coabana). What … It covers an area of some 21, 000 square metres. Each society was a small kingdom and the leader was called a cacique. Righter, E. and E. Lundberg, 1991. Recreation of a Taino village, Baconao Park, near Santiago de Cuba, Cuba. Jamaica’s recorded history can be divided into three distinct periods, beginning with the Tainos of Jamaica. Cacique Ayiti or Quisqueya (Kiskeya) (In the area now called Haiti), Cacique of yucayeque in the area of Río Abacoa (, Cacique of Hispaniola (In the area now called Haiti), Cacique of Caribe ancestry, his yucayeque was in the "Isla de Bieque" (currently known as, Cacique who Reigned over the territory of Sabaneque Çaguax, Cacique of yucayeque around Cayniabón river (, Cacique of Hispaniola who ruled the province of Ciguayos (Cayabo or Maguana). Google+. Cacique from the, Cacique of Boriqueñ, who governed the area close to the Cibuco River, Cacique of Hispaniola (In the area now called Haiti), he was the first Cacique to befriend Columbus and helped save the men aboard the sinking Spanish vessel "Santa Maria" in, Cacique of Hispaniola (in the area of Macorix de Abajo), Cacique from the cacicazgo of Maguá on the island of, Cacique of Hispaniola (In the area now called Haiti), He was the first Cacique to organize a rebellion in his land against the Spaniards. Agüeybaná II, who was also known as Güeybaná and Guaybana II, led the Taíno rebellion of 1511 in Puerto Rico against the Spanish settlers. John Smith. Competentemente autorizada", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Taínos&oldid=985600983, Articles with dead external links from August 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Cacique (Chief) of yucayeque-(village) in the area of Abeyno, Cacique of Ayiti or Quisqueya (Kiskeya) (On the Island now called Haiti and Dominican Republic), Cacique whose name means "The Great Sun" was "Supreme Cacique" in. Caves of varying sizes are found all over Jamaica. Neighbourhood: Geographically obvious subdivisions or any of the above. Cacique of Higüey, Hispanola. His lips gone pale, knelt low behind a stone. They grew cassava as a staple crop but also sweet potato, fruits and vegetables for food as well as cotton and tobacco which they smoked as a popular form of pastime. Cacique (Chief) of yucayeque-(village) in the area of Abeyno Salinas, Puert… The Taínos ("Taíno" means "relatives"), unlike the Caribs (who practiced regular raids on other groups), were peaceful seafaring people and distant relatives of the Arawak people of South America. These canoes varied in size , some large enough to hold as many as 50 people. Both were governed by chiefs known as caciques, who were the maximum authority in a Yucayeque (village). Taino people lived in relatively large numbers all over Jamaica until 1494. All Right Reserved. When the Europeans came to what is now known as Jamaica (Yamaye), the Tainos had established themselves in several villages all over the island. The Jamaican Tainos were skilled in the art of working stone and their implements were well-shaped and beautifully finished. They had functional social, commercial, religious and political systems. When the British invaded the island in 1655, the African slaves of the Spanish colonists escaped into the hills in order to live a free life. Slant to the shore, and all their seamen land. Tiburon, meaning "shark," is a masculine example of a name from the Taino language. Modern day historians point to the fact that because Columbus found people living in a functioning society, Jamaica must have been ‘discovered’ long before he arrived. Her Taíno name is unknown. Situated along the Rio Nuevo Valley Basin and into the hills as far south as Bellevue, some ten miles away, is a complex of Taino sites. Michal Zalewski When they were first encountered by Europeans, the Taino practiced a high-yielding form of shifting agriculture to grow their staple foods, cassava and yams . The original Jamaican Maroons were mostly African and some Taino slaves who either escaped, or were set free by the Spanish at the time of the British capture of Jamaica in 1655. Cacique of Haiti, whom the Indians confessed to. The largest Taino site in this area,A view of the eastern section of the Taino site the Rio Nuevo Taino Site, is named after the river that it overlooks. They fashioned their dug-out canoes from the trunks of the cedar and silk cotton trees. Cacique of yucayeque in Guayaney in Puerto Rico. It is no surprise that this parish, which has a long history of settlement - from pre-columbus times (tainos) to the Spanish naming it capital, is now the second largest parish, by population, in Jamaica. The Taino Indians , as we now know, came to Jamaica traveling from the South American mainland somewhere between 700-1000 AD. Cacique of Ayiti or Quisqueya (Kiskeya) (In the area now called Haiti). More People Questions. Pinterest. Cacica, daughter of Cacique Bagnamanay. They may have numbered in total 2 million at the time of contact, and almost 3 … And stared, and saw, and did not understand. Cacique of Ayiti or Quisqueya (Kiskeya), had arrived with Cacique. Write Your Answer . Hamlet: Any settlement not listed at [2 ] and which Google Maps satellite view shows is too small to be a village. Twitter. Their government was simple but effective; the island was divided into provinces, each ruled by a, The Tainos were said to be mild peaceful and light-hearted and lived a blissful existence until that peaceful existence was first threatened by the warlike Caribs or Kalinagos who inhabited the smaller islands of the Caribbean who had begun to make sporadic raids even before the disastrous encounter with Columbus and the Europeans. Cacique of Hispaniola of the Ciguayo region. He and Maynerí destroyed. The Tainos lived in most areas of the island but the majority of their villages were close to the coast and in the neighbourhood of rivers because they were a sea-faring people and lived chiefly off seafood. With bellying cloths on poles, and not one oar, And fluttering coloured signs and clambering crews. Bangor Ridge, Monmouth and Chepstowe in Portland, Llandilo in Westmoreland, Pencarne in St. Mary, Newport in Manchester, Swansea in St. Catherine, Milford in St. Ann, and Llandewey, are all Welsh place names.. Cardiff Hall in St. Ann is derived from the capital of Wales-Cardiff. One of the last Cacique to fight against the Spanish invadors of the island. Physically, they were short, slightly built but a shapely people with a cinnamon-coloured complexion. Some good Taino names for babies based on known Taino people include Abey, Aramana, Cacimar, Loquillo and Mayneri. Satisfy particular standards for completeness original Arawakian peoples of the natives of Jamaica on... 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